A research report issued by DLA Piper , which contained a South African chapter quoting the Head of the Employment Practice at Cliffe Dekker Hofmeyr, Aadil Patel, has received the attention of the South Africa judiciary system, when it was quoted in a judgment delivered in April this year in the South African Labour Court.
Tlhotlhalemaje, AJ, an Acting Judge of the Labour Court of South Africa said in his judgment, “In his article [in Business Day newspaper], Evan Pickworth proclaimed that; “South Africa’s whistle-blowing framework has received the highest possible rating of three stars in a report by global law firm DLA Piper for providing express protection to those making legitimate disclosures. It means South Africa trumps Germany, France, Hong Kong and Australia and is on a par with the laws in the US, UK and China.”
Tlhotlhalemaje, AJ went on to say that, “In the light of such “feel-good” news, as South Africans, we should ordinarily be in self-congratulatory mood and patting ourselves at the back for having trumped such illustrious nations known generally for clean governance, and also being on par with such good company in the field of whistle-blowing.
In January this year, DLA Piper issued a research report stating that whistleblowing was attracting high-profile media attention across the world and is proving to be a key concern for multi-national employers, especially in relation to the cultural attitudes, regulations and differing levels of protections across the globe. The report, 'Whistleblowing: An employer's guide to global compliance', revealed that employers must be aware of the issues of wrongdoing in the workplace and outlines the challenges for global employers seeking to minimise the risks to their business.
Tim Marshall, Global Co-Chair of the Employment Group stated: "Our report showcases the different levels of protection for whistleblowers around the globe, and highlights the extensive protection in South Africa, compared to some other jurisdictions around the world. The high profile media attention that whistleblowing is attracting demonstrates the growing recognition that this is an issue that all employers - wherever they are located, and whether domestic or multinational - need to address, and the importance of implementing policies and procedures that work at all levels."
In the South African chapter of the report, Patel outlined the fact that the whistleblowing framework in South Africa has developed over time and included constitutional provisions, the Protected Disclosures Act 2000 (PDA), the Labour Relations Act (LRA), the Companies Act 2008 (CA) and a body of case law. South Africa has specific legislative protection for whistleblowers in the workplace, similar to the legislation in place in the UK.
“Employees who disclose information in a prescribed manner regarding criminal, unlawful or irregular conduct in the workplace are protected from any form of occupational detriment (such as victimization/retaliation) under the PDA,” he said.
Patel noted that protection under the PDA and LRA is limited to paid employees only, excluding independent contractors and volunteers. The Companies Act (CA) however extends whistleblowing protection to (amongst others) suppliers of goods or services to the company, which may then include all types of personal services, irrespective of the classification as employee or independent contractor.
“South Africa, having come out of an era of darkness, has joined the international community in promoting openness and accountability,” Patel said in the report.
Patel adds, “The fact that this report is now quoted in a judgment in our South African courts is testimony to the impact this research had on our legal system and the respect in which the information was held. It is of the utmost importance that our laws are utilised effectively so that we are able to legally protect our whistleblowers. Employers needs to be aware of these laws so that they can apply them in these situations.”
The full report is available to download here, and the South African chapter starts on page 25.