Brazil and South Africa have usually been regarded as the two most unequal societies in the world. In recent years, the level of inequality in Brazil is reported to have fallen. CDE asked Professor Murray Leibbrandt and Dr Arden Finn of the Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit at UCT to assess the extent to which the decline in Brazilian inequality was real or reflected changing recording or reporting practices. Their conclusion – reported in INEQUALITY IN SOUTH AFRICA AND BRAZIL: Can we trust the numbers? – is that the decline in inequality in Brazil appears to be real.
Report by the Centre for Development and Enterprise