The draft bill aims to bring the system of air pollution control in line with the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa. It replaces the outdated Air Pollution Prevention Act, 1965 (APPA), (Act No. 45 of 1965) with a more effective regulatory regime. It establishes national norms and standards for air quality management. It provides a framework for air quality planning and reporting and numerous regulatory instruments for the control of air pollution and as well as compliance and enforcement regime.