The prospects for development in a climate-changed world: anticipating cross-border effects of climate change and climate action

6th September 2023

The prospects for development in a climate-changed world: anticipating cross-border effects of climate change and climate action

Climate change is not confined by national boundaries—it has far-reaching impacts that transcend borders and reshape the global economy. The effects of climate change and countries' responses to it have significant cross-border consequences. Flows of natural resources, ecosystem services, traded goods and services, investment, ideas, migration, and travel are all undergoing shifts as a result.

Major economic powers like the European Union (EU), the United States (US), and China have implemented policies and investment programs aimed at addressing climate change while stimulating domestic job creation, economic growth, and innovation.

However, it is crucial to consider the transmitted effects of these actions beyond national borders. Failing to account for these effects can have detrimental consequences for the development progress of countries. Such oversight may undermine the fragile global consensus to combat climate change. Amidst these challenges, there are also opportunities for all countries to thrive in a global economy reshaped by climate change. To unlock these opportunities and mitigate potential threats, a closer examination of the cross-border impacts of climate policies is needed. This will ensure greater coherence between climate action and development efforts.

In this report, we present a framework that anticipates the transmitted effects of climate change.

Report by the Overseas Development Institute