Deepening Democracy through Access to Information
Home / Navigation Pages / Company Posts RSS ← Back

Email this article

separate emails by commas, maximum limit of 4 addresses

Sponsored by


Article Enquiry

How the CPI impacts the interest rate


Embed Video

How the CPI impacts the interest rate

Khwezi Trade post image

26th January 2023


Font size: -+

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is the primary economic indicator used to monitor changes in inflation and general cost of living. The basket price is determined by adding up the retail prices of the individual goods and services that make up the macro economy.

There are monthly, quarterly, and annual reports released on the CPI. By releasing CPI statistics on a regular basis, the government makes it possible to track how much different components of the basket and the basket as a whole have fluctuated over time. The inflation rate is the annual percentage change in the basket price.


The relationship between inflation and the interest rate

Any forex trader worth their salt knows to keep a close eye on the day's inflation figures and interest rate announcements. These are best monitored on advanced trading platforms and comprehensive news releases, such as those offered by Khwezi Trade.


To keep inflation under control is part of a central bank's duty, although this can be challenging.

A healthy rise in inflation is not necessarily a bad thing. A growing economy is a good sign, and the compelling incentive to invest or spend money is that money is losing value if it isn't being put to work.

However, if inflation becomes too high, especially if wages haven't increased along with it, prices of goods may become unaffordable. A currency's value can plummet to zero if inflation rates rise to the threshold of hyperinflation.

Thus, most central banks are tasked with keeping inflation at around 2%-3% per year. When it comes to controlling inflation, the interest rate is by far the most reliable tool.

How to trade Forex using the CPI

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is widely used by central banks as the primary economic indicator of inflation. A country's central bank is accountable for formulating monetary policies meant to promote economic growth and stability.

As already mentioned, the inflation rate can be managed and controlled by the central bank through the use of interest rates.

It's no secret that interest rate choices have a significant effect on the value of the national currency and consistently rank at the top of the list of most influential economic events for Forex traders.

CPI data are constantly monitored by investors and experts, and their opinions have a significant impact on market sentiment towards the currency, as interest rate hikes and decreases are decided by central banks based on the inflation rate's performance.

The release of the CPI report often causes widespread volatility in the financial markets, especially among Forex currency pairs. It's possible to take the CPI report in two distinct directions.

One method is contrasting the actual release with both anticipated and preceding releases. Another alternative is to read it in light of the target set by the central bank. Either way, Forex trading strategies will have to be quickly adjusted in line with the CPI reports.

Final Thoughts

Generally speaking, a higher CPI indicates higher consumer costs, while a lower CPI indicates lower consumer prices. To sum up, a higher CPI suggests stronger inflation, while a falling CPI indicates lesser inflation or even deflation.

Since the rate of inflation affects monetary policy decisions and the interest rates set by central banks, CPI numbers can be very crucial for Forex traders who should consistently monitor these releases on advanced trading platforms such as those offered by Khwezi Trade.


To subscribe email or click here
To advertise email or click here

Comment Guidelines

About is a product of Creamer Media.

Other Creamer Media Products include:
Engineering News
Mining Weekly
Research Channel Africa

Read more


We offer a variety of subscriptions to our Magazine, Website, PDF Reports and our photo library.

Subscriptions are available via the Creamer Media Store.

View store


Advertising on is an effective way to build and consolidate a company's profile among clients and prospective clients. Email

View options
Free daily email newsletter Register Now