The 2011 Libyan Revolution was premised on the struggle for dignity, human rights and freedom from oppression. However, the transition to building a new Libya requires coming to grips with the past and facilitating reconciliation based on principles of transitional justice.
Transitional justice “comprises the full range of processes and mechanisms associated with a society’s attempts to come to terms with a legacy of large-scale past abuses, in order to ensure accountability, serve justice and achieve reconciliation.”1 In the last two decades, transitional justice strategies were developed in dozens of countries, including in the transitions to democracy in Latin America and the end of apartheid in South Africa. Transitional justice measures, including criminal justice, truth seeking mechanisms, reparations, and institutional reforms, are now seen as an essential component of peace-building efforts in post-conflict contexts.
Report by the UN Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL)